Hindu vedic scriptures mandated the age of a girl's marriage to be adulthood which they defined as contact three years after the onset of puberty. For example, Christian esslesiastical law forbade marriage of a girl before the age of puberty. Most religions, contact over history, influenced the marriageable age. And this one from a Wikipedia article on Child Marriages.
The Role of Women: In first century Israel, women were considered second-class citizens, akin to slaves. If other scripture contradicts something Jesus said, I contact go with Jesus. I always look to Jesus' Words for Truth. As I said, the Gospels ARE full of Jesus showing love and respect for women contact.